Classroom Interventions for Children with Attention Deficit Disorder
Levels of School Intervention:
A variety of classroom intervention strategies and techniques have been found to be effective in managing the behavior and performance of children with ADD. In designing an intervention plan for a student with ADD, considertion needs to be given to the severity of the ADD, consideration needs to be given to the severity of the ADD, the intensity of the intervention, and feasibility of implementation in various classroom settings. One model for organizing the various interventions into an overall plan is to match the degree of educational impairment with the intensity of the intervention plan.
Level 1: ADD with Mild Educational
For children with ADD and mild educational impairment, the following intervention approach could be recommended.
Schedule a Section 504 conference
pre-referal conference) to determine if a disability
exists and provide the teacher with assistance in designing and evaluating a classroom
Provide educational information
on ADD to those persons involved with the child; this
could also include some school counseling to educate the child regarding the nature or
The teacher and the committee
design a regular classroom modification plan. This could
include several antecedant interventions, such as preferential seating, modification of
lengths of tasks, provision of more prompts and feedback, etc.
Home Report Card Program
can be implemented to provide additional incentives to the
It has been estimated that approximately 45% to 50% of the ADD population would require this level of intervention.
Level 2: ADD with Moderate Educational
For children with ADD and moderate educational impairment, a more intensive intervention plan will likely be needed. The following intervention approach could be recommended.
A referral conference to consider
special education services under the category of Other
Indirect special education services delivered in the regular classroom
A classroom modification plan (antecedent interventions)
An in-class positive reimforcement program (e.g., Token Economy)
Up to one hour per day resourse
time directed toward the child's ADD, such as study
It has been estimated that approximately 35% to 40% of the ADD population would require this level of intervention.
Level 3: ADD with Severe Educational
For children with ADD and severe educational impairment, special education services delivered in a special education classroom will likely be required. It has been estimated that 10% to 15% of the ADD population will have severe educational impairment requiring this level of intervention.